IFS, which is commonly known as Indian Forest Service, is a national level entrance exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The UPSC IFS is conducted once a year in three stages - Preliminary, Main, and Personal Interview. The Main Exam is scheduled from 28th February 2021 onwards tentatively. Now, there are many optional papers for the UPSC IFS Main 2020 exam. One of them is Forestry paper. Through this article, aspirants will get an idea of how to clear UPSC IFS Main 2020, Forestry Paper.
There is significantly less factual data to memorize and easy to understand. The content of the subject is straightforward. It is a very scoring subject because the botanical names of different trees can be easily remembered. It also helps to increase the overall marks in UPSC IFS Main Exam. Though the syllabus is lengthy, it can be completed early if the candidates understand the basic concepts.
1. If a candidate is not ready to memorize scientific names and terms, then do not choose forestry as an optional paper.
2. Aspirants shouldn't choose UPSC IFS Forestry as an optional paper if they have no general interest in this subject. The preparation will be difficult for this paper because the syllabus is lengthy.
To clear UPSC IFS Main 2020 Forestry paper, the candidates must know the pattern of the exam and the syllabus. The optional paper will have two papers. Each paper on the optional subject will comprise eight descriptive questions. The syllabus for IFS Mains along with the chapter-wise are mentioned below:
● The most important book for this topic is the Principles and Practice of Silviculture by L.S.Khanna.
● This is one of the most important chapters in the UPSC IFS Forestry Paper, so try to give enough time and check or solve the previous year's question paper many times.
2. Silviculture - Systems
● Try to solve the maximum of the previous year's questions paper.
● This chapter is a core forestry chapter. So, try to prepare well and give enough time.
3. Silviculture - Mangrove and Cold Desert
● It is a small chapter. But one needs a lot to memorize.
● Try to remember the scientific names of mangroves.
● In 2015, direct questions on scientific names were asked.
● Trees, Herbs, and Shrubs of the cold desert must also be remembered.
4. Silviculture of Trees:
● This chapter in the UPSC IFS Forestry Paper is the least important but cannot be skipped.
● Try to remember different species of trees and their properties.
1. Agroforestry, Social Forestry, Joint Forest Management, and Tribology:
● This chapter is saviour, simple, direct, and clear.
● It gives enough fodder to write an answer and has a feel-good factor.
2. Forest Soils, Soil Conservation and Watershed Management:
● This chapter is also simple, clear, and easy to prepare.
● It gives enough fodder to write an answer.
3. Environmental Conservation and Biodiversity:
● This chapter can be prepared right before the commencement of the preliminary exam.
● It can be prepared from the General Studies perspective also.
4. Tree Improvement and Seed Technology:
● Topics like Provincial Tribes etc. can be prepared from the internet.
● There were eight marks questions on this topic. So, read the topic carefully before attempting the answer.
1. Forest Management and Management Systems:
● The best book for reference is Forest Management by Prakash Ram.
● If you are running out of time, S. Prabhu has enough time to give a basic idea of this chapter.
2. Forest working Plan:
● This is an important chapter of the UPSC IFS Main Exam (Forestry Paper) as well as interesting as it plays an important role as an IFS officer.
● This topic will not only help in the Main exam but will also help in the future.
3. Forest Mensuration and Remote Sensing:
● This is a technical topic and must be done carefully.
● If done carefully, it is easy to get good marks. Try to make diagrams also.
4. Surveying and Forest Engineering:
● This topic is technical and a bit tough.
● It is good for marks fetching for those who understood clearly.
1. Forest Ecology and Ethno-botany:
● The best book for reference is Indian Forestry by K. Manikandan and S. Prabhu.
● Internet search is the best source for this topic.
● Search the internet for Ethno-botany
2. Forest Resources and Utilization:
● Multiple questions were asked about this topic.
● Try to read the chapter many times to get an idea because the points are not systematically covered in neither of the reference books.
● Try to remember as many examples, along with their scientific names.
3. Forest Protection and Wildlife Biology:
Important topics from this chapter from the UPSC IFS Main Forestry (Optional Paper) are asked in the interview as well as the General Knowledge paper.
4. Forest Economics and Legislation:
● For learning the basics of the chapter, Wikipedia is the main source.
● To attempt any question from this topic, basic knowledge is enough.
Books for UPSC IFS Forestry Optional Paper:
For IFS Forestry Optional Mains it is very important to find the best books which will cover almost the majority of the syllabus properly. The best book for reference and Materials for IFS Forestry Main Optional paper are given in the below points.
1. Principles and Practice of Silviculture by L.S. Khanna.
2. Theory and Practice of Silviculture Systems by Ram Prakash, L.S. Khanna, and K. Manikandan and S. Prabhu.
3. Indian Forestry by K. Manikandan and S. Prabhu.
4. Forest Management by Prakash Ram.
5. Indian Perspective by L.K Jha.
Preparation Tips for UPSC IFS Main Forestry Optional:
For better preparation of Forestry paper, it is necessary to follow the preparation tips which will help the candidates in securing good marks and also can easily crack the UPSC IFS Forestry Paper. Some of the preparation tips are mentioned in the below points:
1. For the preparation of UPSC IFS Mains, students shouldn't wait to get the result of the preliminary. It is best to start Preliminary and Mains preparation at the same time.
2. Solve the previous year question pattern. It will help to determine the important topics and types of questions that are asked in the question paper.
3. To prepare for the exam, try to make a list of all the scientific names of trees, shrubs, cold desert plants, etc., and also prepare a table of different types of soils and their properties which will make the preparation more thorough and perfect.
4. To get the best result, start preparation right away,
5. First, try to cover the whole syllabus after that dedicate the last few months for revision.
6. For better preparation, go for group studies and discussion with friends.
7. Try to make notes of each chapter which will help in revising.
8. Start preparation with common topics like Environmental topics, soil, and its conservation, watershed management, conservation, and biodiversity, ethnobotany, and forest ecology, etc. that are needed for the preliminary exam.
Suggestions for interview round for UPSC IFS Main:
An optional paper plays an important role in the interview round. Below some of the tips given for the interview round for the UPSC IFS Forestry Paper:
1. For the interview round, candidates will be asked more questions about the topics like the environment and core-forestry.
2. Aspirants should be aware of current news which is related to forestry and the environment. They should also be aware of topics like Green Building, NAPCC, REDD, etc.
3. Aspirants must have clarity about the methods of mapping a forest area.
We can say that choosing the UPSC IFS Forestry Paper will help candidates in future as the exam is about recruiting suitable personnel for Forest Services. We hope that the above mentioned information will help UPSC IFS aspirants in their preparation for the Forestry Paper. We wish you all the best!