On 18-19 October, 2020 (4, 5 ‘Ilm, 177 B.E. (Bahá’í Era), the Bahá’ís throughout the World are celebrating the 201st Anniversary of the Birth of the Báb - Prophet-Herald of the Bahá’í Faith (October 20, 1819) and 203rd Anniversary of the birth of Bahá’u’lláh - Prophet-Founder of the Bahá’í Faith (November 12, 1817).
The Birthdays of the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh occur back-to-back on the Bahá’í Calendar and are referred to as the "Twin Birthdays".
".... We have decided that they will now be observed on the first and the second day following the occurrence of the eighth new moon after Naw-Rúz, as determined in advance by astronomical tables using Ṭihrán as the point of reference. This will result in the observance of the Twin Birthdays moving, year to year, within the months of Mashíyyat, ‘Ilm, and Qudrat of the Badí‘ calendar, or from mid-October to mid-November according to the Gregorian calendar...."
~The Universal House of Justice, 10 July, 2014.
In the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Bahá’u’lláh wrote that His Birthday and that of the Báb "are counted as one in the sight of God".
For this reason, both the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh are revered as Central Figures of the Bahá’í Faith.
The notion of Twin Manifestations of God is a concept fundamental to Bahá’í belief describing the relationship between the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh. Both are considered Manifestations of God in their own right having each founded separate religions (Bábism and the Bahá’í Faith) and revealed their own Holy Scriptures.
To the Bahá’ís, however, the Missions of the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh are inextricably linked. The Báb (1819-1850) is the Prophet and Herald of the Bahá’í Faith. He announced in 1844, that He was the Bearer of a Message destined to transform humanity’s spiritual life.
The Báb’s appearance marked the end of the "Prophetic Cycle" of religious history, and ushered in the "Cycle of Fulfillment." The Báb, which literally ranslates as 'the gate', was a prophet and forerunner of the Bahá'í revelation.
Although there are many stories of the Báb's childhood and His many good qualities, very little is known of His birth. The Báb’s father died when He was very young and He was put into the care of His maternal uncle. The day is a simple and joyous event that will begin with prayers and devotional readings and develop into some kind of festive social gathering either at home or in a place of worship. The festival is celebrated, in the spirit of Bahá'u'lláh’s injunctions,to be open to all.
Accordingly, the founding of the Bábi Faith is viewed by Bahá'ís as synonymous with the founding of the Bahá'í Faith--and its purpose was fulfilled when Bahá'u'lláh announced in 1863 that He was the Promised One foretold by the Báb. Bahá'u'lláh later affirmed that the Báb was "the Herald of His Name and the Harbinger of His Great Revelation which hath caused the splendour of His light to shine forth above the horizon of the world."
The 2019 Bicentenary is not a single event, but rather, a highlight in an ongoing series of community-building activities, generated at the grassroots level all around the world.
The Báb referred to this coming Divine Teacher as “Him Whom God shall make manifest” and stated that “no words of Mine can adequately describe Him, nor can any reference in My Book, the Bayan, do justice to His
Throughout His writings, the Báb warned His followers to be watchful, and as soon as the promised Teacher revealed Himself, to recognize and follow Him. The Báb exhorted them to see with the “eye of the spirit” rather than through their “fanciful imaginations.” To be worthy of “Him Whom God shall make manifest” required entirely new standards of conduct, a nobility of character that human beings had theretofore not achieved: “Purge your hearts of worldly desires,” the Báb urged His first group of disciples, “and let angelic virtues be your adorning."
The Báb's revitalizing message prepared the way for Bahá’u’lláh, Whose teachings would initiate an age of unity, peace, and justice.
Bahá’u’lláh (1817-1892) is the Prophet-Founder of the Baha’i Faith who was born to a prominent family in Persia at dawn on November 12, 1817 C.E. in Tehran, Persia (Iran), where His father was a minister
in the court of Muhammad Shah. Bahá’u’lláh came from a noble family descended from the last of
the Sasanian Kings of ancient Persia. He was also a Descendent of Abraham through both Katurah and Sarah—Jesse, Son of Sarah, was the Father of David and ancestor of Bahá’u’lláh.
In 1852 Bahá’u’lláh was arrested for His involvement in the Bábi Faith and was imprisoned in the Siyah-Chal (black pit), an underground dungeon of Tehran. Bahá’u’lláh revealed that it was during His imprisonment in the Siyah-Chal, that He had a vision from the Maid of Heaven and received His mission as a Messenger of God and as the One whose coming the Báb had prophesied.
Upon His release, Bahá’u’lláh was banished from His native land, the beginning of 40 years of exile, imprisonment, and persecution for bringing God’s latest message to humanity. Today, His life and mission are becoming increasingly well-known across the planet.
The teachings of these two Divine Educators are transforming the lives of families, neighborhoods, and communities around the world. Their vision of the oneness of humanity contains lessons that counter the racial prejudice and materialism corroding the society of the world.
Activities that reinforce Bahá’u’lláh’s vision of the oneness of humanity and empowers people of every background to participate. Through 40 years of exile and imprisonment Bahá’u’lláh's volumes of Holy Writings restating the moral teachings of the Founders of all the world’s great religions, affirming their essential oneness and addressing societal issues of a global age.
The family of Bahá’u’lláh could trace its ancestry back to the great dynasties of Iran's imperial past. Bahá’u’lláh led a princely life as a young man. As He grew up, Bahá’u’lláh desired no schooling. At home, He received a little customary education that focused largely on calligraphy, horsemanship, classic poetry, and swordsmanship.
In 1853, Bahá’u’lláh was exiled from His native land to Baghdad, where in 1863 He announced that He was the bearer of a new revelation from God that would bring unity to the peoples of the world. He was later
exiled to Acre (Akka), in present-day Israel, where He passed away in 1892. “For centuries, all the peoples of the world have awaited the Promised Day of God, a Day when peace and harmony would be established on earth.
The dawn of this new Day witnessed the appearance of not one but two Manifestations of God, the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh, Whose Revelations released the spiritual forces destined to transform society in accordance with the Will of God.”
The Báb is often referred to as the Herald of the Bahá'í Faith, because it was His mission to prepare the way for
Bahá'u'lláh, the Prophet-Founder of the Baha'i Faith.
Accordingly, the founding of the Bábi Faith is viewed by Bahá'ís as synonymous with the founding of the Bahá'í Faith--and its purpose was fulfilled when Bahá'u'lláh announced in 1863 in Ridvan Garden in Baghdad that He was the Promised One foretold by the Báb. Bahá'u'lláh later affirmed that the Báb was "the Herald of His Name and the Harbinger of His Great Revelation which hath caused the splendour of His light to shine forth above the horizon of the world." The Báb’s appearance marked the end of the "Prophetic Cycle" of religious history, and ushered in the "Cycle of Fulfillment." The Báb, which literally ranslates as 'the gate', was a prophet and forerunner of the Bahá'í revelation.
Bahá’u’lláh came from a noble family descended from the last of the Sasanian Kings of ancient Persia. He was also a Descendent of Abraham through both Katurah and Sarah—Jesse, Son of Sarah, was the Father of David and ancestor of Bahá’u’lláh. Today, His life and mission are becoming increasingly well-known across
Most Bahá’í community activities - Devotional gatherings, Study Circles, activities for children and Junior Youths - are open to all and take place in homes and Community Centres across the World.Millions of people are learning to apply Bahá’u’lláh's teachings to their individual and collective lives for the betterment of the world.